Substance abuse treatment, anticipated maternal roles, and reentry success of drug-involved women prisoners

Cynthia A. Robbins, Steven S. Martin, Hilary L. Surratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reports analyses of recidivism and relapse experiences of substance-abusing women inmates as they reenter the community. Outcomes are compared for women who completed a work-release therapeutic community program, women who entered but did not complete the program, and those who did not receive work-release therapeutic community treatment. Additionally, this article compares women who anticipated living with their children following release to those who did not have children with whom they expected to live. Women who completed the treatment program were more likely to remain arrest-free during the first 18 months following prison, and they used drugs less frequently. Women who expected to live with their minor children were significantly more likely to enter the treatment program, but maternal role expectations had no direct effect on reentry outcomes once treatment experience and background factors were controlled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-411
Number of pages24
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Correctional substance abuse treatment
  • Family and reentry
  • Female offenders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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