17 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine substance use patterns among a sample of incarcerated males who report engaging in levels of intimate violence, as well as identifying similarities and differences in demographic, economic status, mental health, criminal justice involvement, relationships, and treatment factors for three groups of incarcerated males - those who report perpetrating low intimate violence, those who report perpetrating moderate intimate violence, and those who report perpetrating extreme intimate violence the year preceding their current incarceration. Findings indicated that low intimate violence group's perpetration consisted almost exclusively of emotional abuse. Moderately intimate violent males and extremely intimate violent males, however, report not only high rates of emotional abuse but physical abuse as well. The distinction between moderate and extremely violent groups was substantial. Findings also indicated that perpetrators at different levels of violence in this study did not vary significantly in age, employment history, marital status, or race. However, the three groups showed significant differences in three main areas: (1) cocaine and alcohol use patterns, (2) stranger violence perpetration and victimization experiences, and (3) emotional discomfort. Implications for substance abuse and mental health treatment interventions and for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-114
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The current study is part of a larger, 5-year project to examine health services utilization among incarcerated chronic drug users funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Participants were drawn from the general population from three medium security and one minimum security state prison, and were also drawn from a 6-month substance abuse treatment program at one medium security institution. Study eligibility for the general population participants was matched as closely as possible to the eligibility requirements for the substance abuse treatment program. Subjects were drawn from the facilities 3 months prior to going before the parole board between January 1998 and March 1999.

Funding Information:
Supported by Grant No. DA08154 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Copyright 2005 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.


  • Incarcerated males
  • Intimate violence
  • Prison population
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law


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