Substance Use correlates of depression among African American male inmates

Rhonda Conerly Holliday, Ronald L. Braithwaite, Elleen Yancey, Tabia Akintobi, Danielle Stevens-Watkins, Selina Smith, C. Lamonte Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Substance use correlates of depressive symptoms among incarcerated adult male African American substance users were examined in the current study. Frequency of drug use was assessed with 12 items specific to an individual’s substance use. The Patient Depression Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess symptoms of depression. Approximately 90% of the sample displayed symptoms of depression ranging from minimal to severe. Regression models revealed that three substance use variables demonstrated a significant predictor of depression, including alcohol (β =.16, p=.03), hallucinogens (β = -.17, p =.021), and ecstasy (β = -.14, p =.05). The study findings indicate a need to consider the role of specific substances with regard to symptoms of depression. The results are discussed in the context of transition planning for jail inmates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Meharry Medical College.


  • African American
  • Depression
  • Jail detainees
  • Males
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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