Substance use correlates of depressive symptoms among incarcerated adult male African American substance users were examined in the current study. Frequency of drug use was assessed with 12 items specific to an individual’s substance use. The Patient Depression Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess symptoms of depression. Approximately 90% of the sample displayed symptoms of depression ranging from minimal to severe. Regression models revealed that three substance use variables demonstrated a significant predictor of depression, including alcohol (β =.16, p=.03), hallucinogens (β = -.17, p =.021), and ecstasy (β = -.14, p =.05). The study findings indicate a need to consider the role of specific substances with regard to symptoms of depression. The results are discussed in the context of transition planning for jail inmates.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved|
|State||Published - May 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for this research was provided by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through Grant 5U48DP001907-04.
© Meharry Medical College.
- African American
- Jail detainees
- Substance use
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health