Superoxide-independent reduction of vanadate by rat liver microsomes/NAD(P)H: Vanadate reductase activity

Xianglin Shi, N. S. Dalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


It has been reported that vanadate-stimulated oxidation of NAD(P)H by microsomal systems can proceed anaerobically, in contrast to the general notion that the oxidation proceeds exclusively by an O2-1-dependent free radical chain mechanism. The current study indicates that microsomal systems are endowed with a vanadate-reductase property, involving a NAD(P)H-dependent electron transport cytochrome P450 system. Our ESR measurements demonstrated the formation of a vanadium (IV) species in a mixture containing vanadate, rat liver microsomes, and NAD(P)H. This vanadium(IV) species was identified as the vanadyl ion (VO2+) by comparison with the ESR spectrum of VOSO4. The initial rate of vanadium(IV) formation depends linearly on the concentration of microsomes. The Michaelis-Menten constants were found to be: km = 1.25 mM and Vmax = 0.066 μmol (min)-1 (mg microsomes)-1, respectively. Pretreatment of the microsomes with carbon monoxide or K3Fe(CN)6 reduced vanadium(IV) generation, suggesting that the NAD(P)H-dependent electron transport cytochrome P450 system plays a significant role in the microsomal reduction of vanadate. Measurements under argon or in the presence of superoxide dismutase caused only minor (less than 10%) reductions in vanadium(IV) generation. The VO2+ species was also detected in NAD(P)H oxidation by fructose plus vanadate, a reaction known to proceed via an O2--mediated chain mechanism. However, the amount of vanadium(IV) generated by this reaction was an order of magnitude smaller than that by the microsomal system and was inhibitable by superoxide dismutase, affirming the conclusion that the microsomal/ NAD(P)H system is endowed with the (O2--independent) vanadium(V) reductase property.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-75
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 15 1992

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
i This research has been supported by the Department of the Interior’s Mineral Institute program administered by the Bureau of Mines through the Generic Mineral Technology Center for Respirable Dust under grant G1135142 and by NIOSH grant #60-CCU306149-01-l. ’ To whom correspondence and request for reprints should be addressed.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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