Supportive Neighborhoods, Family Resilience and Flourishing in Childhood and Adolescence

Sheila Barnhart, Molly Bode, Michael C. Gearhart, Kathryn Maguire-Jack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flourishing is linked with health and well-being in childhood and adulthood. This study applied a promotive factors model to examine how neighborhood assets might benefit child and adolescent flourishing by promoting family resilience. Using data from the combined 2018 and 2019 National Survey of Children’s Health, structural equation models tested direct and indirect rela-tionships between neighborhood physical environment, neighborhood social cohesion, family resil-ience, and flourishing among 18,396 children and 24,817 adolescents. After controlling for multiple covariates that may influence flourishing, the models supported that higher levels of neighborhood social cohesion were directly associated with higher levels of flourishing adolescents, and indirectly by positive associations with family resilience for both children and adolescents. No indirect effects between neighborhood physical environments and flourishing were supported by the data for ei-ther children or adolescents. However, neighborhood physical environments were positively associated with adolescent flourishing. Understanding social environmental factors that strengthen and enhance child and adolescent flourishing are critical toward designing prevention, intervention, and policy efforts that can build on the existing strengths of families and their communities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number495
JournalChildren
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • adolescent flourishing
  • child flourishing
  • family resilience
  • neighborhood social cohesion
  • physical neighborhood environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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