Surface Ligands for Methylammonium Lead Iodide Films: Surface Coverage, Energetics, and Photovoltaic Performance

So Min Park, Ashkan Abtahi, Alex M. Boehm, Kenneth R. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Surface ligand treatment provides a promising approach for passivating defect states, improving material and device stability, manipulating interfacial energetics, and improving the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). To facilitate targeted selection and design of surface ligands for PSCs, it is necessary to establish relationships between ligand structure and perovskite surface properties. Herein, surface ligands with different binding groups are investigated to determine their extent of surface coverage, whether they form a surface monolayer or penetrate the perovskite, how they influence material energetics and photoluminescence, and how this combination of factors affects PSC performance. Ultraviolet and inverse photoelectron spectroscopy measurements show that surface ligands can significantly shift the ionization energy and electron affinity. These changes in surface energetics substantially impact PSC performance, with the performance decreasing for ligands that create less favorable energy landscapes for electron transfer from MAPbI3 to the electron transport layer, C60.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-806
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 13 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry


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