OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of ultrasound screening on stage at detection and long-term disease-specific survival of at-risk women with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Eligibility included all asymptomatic women 50 years of age or older and women 25 years of age or older with a documented family history of ovarian cancer. From 1987 to 2017, 46,101 women received annual ultrasound screening in a prospective cohort trial. Women with a persisting abnormal screen underwent tumor morphology indexing, serum biomarker analysis, and surgery. RESULTS: Seventy-one invasive epithelial ovarian cancers and 17 epithelial ovarian tumors of low malignant potential were detected. No women with a low malignant potential tumor experienced recurrent disease. Stage distribution for screen-detected invasive epithelial ovarian cancers was stage I-30 (42%), stage II-15 (21%), stage III-26 (37%), and stage IV-0 (0%). Follow-up varied from 9.2 months to 27 years (mean 7.9 years). Disease-specific survival at 5, 10, and 20 years for women with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer detected by screening was 8664%, 6867%, and 6567%, respectively, vs 4562%, 3162%, and 1963%, respectively, for unscreened women with clinically detected ovarian cancer from the same geographic area who were treated at the same institution by the same treatment protocols (P,.001). Twenty-seven percent of screen-detected malignancies were type I and 73% were type II. The disease-specific survival of women with type I and type II screen-detected tumors was significantly higher than that of women with clinically detected type I and type II tumors and was related directly to earlier stage at detection. CONCLUSION: Annual ultrasound screening of at-risk asymptomatic women was associated with lower stage at detection and increased 5-, 10-, and 20-year disease-specific survival of women with both type I and type II epithelial ovarian cancer.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|State||Published - 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by research grants from the Kentucky Department of Health and Human Services and the Telford Foundation.
© 2018 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology