Survivors’ conceptualizations of human trafficking prevention; An exploratory study

Jessica Donohue-Dioh, Melanie Otis, Justin “Jay” Miller, Marie Antoinette Sossou, Carlos delaTorres, Thomas Lawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to explicate a conceptual framework for the prevention of human trafficking from the perspective of those most impacted: human trafficking survivors. In doing so establishing an empirical foundation for human trafficking prevention research. To achieve this aim, researchers employed Group Concept Mapping (GCM). GCM is an integrated, mixed-method, research design that analyzes qualitative data via quantitative approaches, namely multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses. All participants (N = 35) identified as human trafficking survivors from one of four states in the United States. Results indicate that survivors in this sample conceptualize prevention via a 10-cluster solution. Furthermore survivors rated the cluster on Education and Awareness (9) as the most Important (4.60), as well as the most Feasible (4.28). This paper will review extant literature related to human trafficking, explicate results from this study, and discuss pragmatic prevention implications related to findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101873
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020


  • Human trafficking
  • Mixed-methods
  • Participatory research
  • Prevention
  • Survivor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Business and International Management
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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