Sustainable machining of high temperature Nickel alloy - Inconel 718: Part 2 - Chip breakability and optimization

Franci Pusavec, Ashish Deshpande, Shu Yang, Rachid M'Saoubi, Janez Kopac, Oscar Wlliam Dillon, I. S. Jawahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Global competition, stricter environmental legislation and demands for fulfilling sustainability initiatives, are increasing the pressure on the manufacturing industry, to develop and implement in their production alternative sustainable machining processes. This work focuses on sustainability evaluation and comparison in machining of high-temperature Nickel-based alloy (Inconel 718). Four sustainable machining alternatives (dry, near-dry (MQL), cryogenic and cryo-lubrication (cryogenic near-dry)) to conventional machining, are evaluated based on the performance models from the Part 1 of the paper and used in the optimization procedure for determining the overall optimum machining conditions. As chip breakability is important machining characteristic, performance-based models of sustainable machining processes, developed in Part 1, are upgraded in this Part 2 of the paper with an additional model for chip breakability. Updated models are used as inputs to the optimization procedure developed, based on the combined overall desirability function. Genetic algorithms (GA) are used to evaluate and optimize the machining process for each cooling/lubrication (C/L) application. Results of the work show that machining performance optimization, when including beside machining parameters also the sustainable alternative cooling/lubrication conditions, can provide further improvement of the processes through tool-life, machined surface quality, chip breakability, productivity and nevertheless power consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-952
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Cryogenics
  • High performance machining
  • Near-dry machining
  • Nickel alloy
  • Process modeling
  • Process optimization
  • Sustainable machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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