Sustainable product line design considering a multi-lifecycle approach

Ridvan Aydin, Fazleena Badurdeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Global awareness on product lifecycle issues and competitive advantages of implementing end-of-life (EoL) recovery strategies (i.e., reuse, remanufacturing, and recycling) have driven companies to develop more sustainable product designs. Designing a product line involves developing variants of a product to address needs of different market segments. Sharing of same types of components between variants when feasible can lead to lower product cost and improved manufacturing efficiency. Prior research has considered many aspects related to sustainable product line design. However, none of them have comprehensively addressed the consideration of multi-lifecycle, closed-loop material flow for sustainable product line design; studies that incorporate pricing decisions while simultaneously considering economic and environmental objectives are also lacking. In this study, a novel approach for sustainable product line design considering the multiple lifecycle approach and EoL recovery strategies is proposed. An optimization model with economic and environmental performance objectives is developed to determine the designs and selling prices of new and hybrid products. Dynamic demand models based on the diffusion function of time and price are developed to incorporate the price-sensitivity of demand multiple lifecycles. The application of the approach is demonstrated using an industrial case study to identify the sustainable product line design of toner cartridges. The Pareto optimal solutions obtained show that the proposed methodology can identify more sustainable product line designs. The new designs have much higher total lifecycle profit, energy use, and water use compared to baseline designs that do not follow a closed-loop, multi-lifecycle flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-737
Number of pages11
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Multiple lifecycles
  • Product line design
  • Remanufacturing
  • Reuse
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


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