Global awareness on product lifecycle issues and competitive advantages of implementing end-of-life (EoL) recovery strategies (i.e., reuse, remanufacturing, and recycling) have driven companies to develop more sustainable product designs. Designing a product line involves developing variants of a product to address needs of different market segments. Sharing of same types of components between variants when feasible can lead to lower product cost and improved manufacturing efficiency. Prior research has considered many aspects related to sustainable product line design. However, none of them have comprehensively addressed the consideration of multi-lifecycle, closed-loop material flow for sustainable product line design; studies that incorporate pricing decisions while simultaneously considering economic and environmental objectives are also lacking. In this study, a novel approach for sustainable product line design considering the multiple lifecycle approach and EoL recovery strategies is proposed. An optimization model with economic and environmental performance objectives is developed to determine the designs and selling prices of new and hybrid products. Dynamic demand models based on the diffusion function of time and price are developed to incorporate the price-sensitivity of demand multiple lifecycles. The application of the approach is demonstrated using an industrial case study to identify the sustainable product line design of toner cartridges. The Pareto optimal solutions obtained show that the proposed methodology can identify more sustainable product line designs. The new designs have much higher total lifecycle profit, energy use, and water use compared to baseline designs that do not follow a closed-loop, multi-lifecycle flow.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Resources, Conservation and Recycling|
|State||Published - Oct 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) [grant number 15-05-08 ]. The authors would also like to acknowledge the support of industry partner for providing access to data and for their continuous support throughout the project.
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
- Multiple lifecycles
- Product line design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Economics and Econometrics