Symposium overview: Characterization of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme function using heterologous expression systems

A. J. Townsend, K. K. Kiningham, D. St. Clair, T. R. Tephly, C. S. Morrow, F. P. Guengerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Genetically modified cell lines can be very useful models for assessing the toxicologic effects of modulation of expression of individual gene products in comparison to their isogenic parental control cell lines. This symposium begins with an overview of general issues related to development and utilization of model systems created by transfection of cell lines to induce elevated expression of metabolic enzymes of toxicologic relevance. Selected studies that illustrate the heterologous expression rationale and various approaches to transgenic-cell model construction are represented. Results to date with cells engineered to express specific transfected genes are discussed, with emphasis on the effects of expression of selected phase I or phase II enzymes on cellular sensitivity to several toxic end-points. The individual sections highlight the utility of these model cell lines for examining the role of enzyme catalysis and function in metabolism of biologically active xenobiotic or endobiotic compounds of interest in toxicology. Both activating and detoxifying enzymes are discussed, with principal emphasis on the latter. This symposium includes talks on transfected cells that express aldehyde dehydrogenases, superoxide dismutase, UDP-glycosyltransferases, glutathione transferases, and cytochrome P450 isozymes. In addition to the general toxicologic utility and advantages of these genetically engineered cell lines, this overview emphasizes their particular contributions to the insights obtained to date with the specific model cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalToxicological Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase
  • Cell culture cytotoxicity
  • Cytochrome P-450
  • Genotoxicity
  • Glutathione S- transferases
  • Heterologous expression
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Transgenic cell models
  • UDP-glycosyltransferases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


Dive into the research topics of 'Symposium overview: Characterization of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme function using heterologous expression systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this