Symptom clusters of heart failure

Corrine Y. Jurgens, Debra K. Moser, Rochelle Armola, Beverly Carlson, Kristen Sethares, Barbara Riegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Patients with heart failure(HF) report multiple symptoms. Change in symptoms is an indicator of HF decompensation. Patients have difficulty differentiating HF symptoms from comorbid illness or aging. The study pur-pose was to identify the number, type, and combination of symptoms in hospitalized HF patients and test relationships with comorbid illness and age. A secondary analysis from a HF registry (N1/4 687) was conducted. The sample was 51.7% female, mean age 71 12.5 years. The theory of unpleasant symptoms informed the study regarding the multidimensional nature of symptoms. Factor analysis of nine items from the Minnesota Living with HF Questionnaire resulted in three factors, acute and chronic volume overload and emotional distress. Clusters occurred more frequently in older patients, but caused less impact. 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-560
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2009


  • Heart failure
  • Self-care
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)


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