Syntheses, crystal structures and Hirshfeld surface analyses of four molecular salts of amitriptynol

Vinaya, Haleyur G. Anil Kumar, Thaluru M. Mohan Kumar, Beliyaiah Lakshmana, Yeriyur B. Basavaraju, Hemmige S. Yathirajan, Sean Parkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The syntheses and crystal structures of four salts of amitriptynol (C20H25NO) with different carboxylic acids are described. The salts formed directly from solutions of amitriptyline (which first hydrolysed to amitriptynol) and the corresponding acid in acetonitrile to form amitriptynolium [systematic name: (3-{2-hydroxytricyclo[,8]pentadeca-1(11),3,5,7,12,14-hexaen-2-yl}propyl)dimethylazanium] 4-methoxybenzoate monohydrate, C20H26NO+·C8H7O3-·H2O, (I), amitriptynolium 3,4-dimethoxybenzoate trihydrate, C20H26NO+·C9H9O4-·3H2O, (II), amitriptynolium 2-chlorobenzoate, C20H26NO+·C7H4ClO2-, (III), and amitriptynolium thiophene-2-carboxylate monohydrate, C20H26NO+·C5H3O2S-·H2O, (IV). Compound (III) crystallizes with two cations, two anions and six water molecules in the asymmetric unit. The different conformations of the amitriptynolium cations are determined by the torsion angles in the dimethylamino-propyl chains and the –CH2–CH2- bridge between the benzene rings in the tricyclic ring system, and are complicated by disorder of the bridging unit in II and III. The packing in all four salts is dominated by N—H· · ·O and O—H· · ·O hydrogen bonds. Hirshfeld surface analyses show that the amitriptynolium cations make similar inter-species contacts, despite the distinctly different packing in each salt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-457
Number of pages7
JournalActa Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic Communications
Issue numberPt 5
StatePublished - Apr 14 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023 International Union of Crystallography. All rights reserved.


  • Hirshfeld-surface analysis
  • amitriptyline
  • amitriptynol
  • crystal structure
  • hydrogen bonding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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