Synthesis of graphene oxide membranes and their behavior in water and isopropanol

Ashish Aher, Yuguang Cai, Mainak Majumder, Dibakar Bhattacharyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) membrane has been synthesized on commercial polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes (Pore size: 17 nm) using the drop casting method followed by baking at 90 °C for 24 h. Baking resulted in the reduction of GO and removal of bulk water intercalated in the GO sheets. Deposited GO film showed high stability under shear stress variation. This work shows that water adsorption on the GO membrane determines its permeation performance. Despite the higher viscosity of isopropyl alcohol (IPA), its permeability was 7 times higher than water through the baked (“dry”) GO membranes, which were never contacted with water. However, IPA permeability of GO membranes dropped to 44% (of deionized water) when contacted with water (“hydrated” or “wet” GO membranes). Extensive size exclusion (rejection) studies with various dye and dendrimer molecules showed pore size reduced from 3.3 nm in the “dry” state to 1.3 nm in the “wet” state of GO membranes. FT-IR characterization of GO membrane suggested adsorption of water on the nanochannels of the active layer. Also, significant decay in flux was observed for water (82% of its initial flux) as compared to IPA (38% of its initial flux) for initially dry GO membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by NSF KY EPSCoR grant (Grant no: 1355438), NIH-NIEHS-SRC (Award number: P42ES007380), and by Australian Research Council (through an A ARC Linkage LP140100959 grant). The authors thank Nicolas J. Briot, Dr. Rupam Sharma, Syed Islam, Michael Detisch for their contributions. Authors also thank the Nanostone Water Co., Oceanside, CA for providing the full-scale size PS35 membrane.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)

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