Synthesis of single-hole signatures by group delay for ground vibration control in rock blasting

Lifeng Li, Jhon Silva-Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Prediction and control of ground vibrations become essential as with the development of neighborhoods in the proximity of active mining operations or the need for new infrastructure in urban centers, both requiring the use of blasting. Novel ground vibration prediction models attempt to reproduce a whole vibration waveform from a blast and are based, in most cases, on the collection of vibrational information from a single blasthole. A single blasthole should have the same characteristics (geometry and weights of explosives) as the blastholes used in production shots. In some cases, the collection of the fundamental information (the signature) is straightforward. In more complex cases, the fundamental information from ground vibration data is collected from previous production shots. This study presents a novel methodology to assess the fundamental ground vibration information (the signature) using known information such as one event waveform (a production shot waveform) and the timing sequence used (the comb function) for the shot. The methodology is based on the analysis of group delay, a concept widely used in signal processing, and is modified here for the analysis of ground vibration waveforms. The methodology is developed using real data collected in coal and quarry mining operations, and at the end of this document, one case study with step-by-step calculations is presented to show the benefits of the methodology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273-1284
Number of pages12
JournalJVC/Journal of Vibration and Control
Issue number13-14
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Ground vibrations
  • group delay
  • rock blasting
  • single-hole signature
  • synthetic waveforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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