OBJECTIVE: The role of hepatocyte Abca1 (ATP binding cassette transporter A1) in trafficking hepatic free cholesterol (FC) into plasma versus bile for reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is poorly understood. We hypothesized that hepatocyte Abca1 recycles plasma HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) taken up by the liver back into plasma, maintaining the plasma HDL-C pool, and decreasing HDL-mediated RCT into feces. Approach and Results: Chow-fed hepatocyte-specific Abca1 knockout (HSKO) and control mice were injected with human HDL radiolabeled with 125I-tyramine cellobiose (125I-TC; protein) and 3H-cholesteryl oleate (3H-CO). 125I-TC and 3H-CO plasma decay, plasma HDL 3H-CO selective clearance (ie, 3H-125I fractional catabolic rate), liver radiolabel uptake, and fecal 3H-sterol were significantly greater in HSKO versus control mice, supporting increased plasma HDL RCT. Twenty-four hours after 3H-CO-HDL injection, HSKO mice had reduced total hepatic 3H-FC (ie, 3H-CO hydrolyzed to 3H-FC in liver) resecretion into plasma, demonstrating Abca1 recycled HDL-derived hepatic 3H-FC back into plasma. Despite similar liver LDLr (low-density lipoprotein receptor) expression between genotypes, HSKO mice treated with LDLr-targeting versus control antisense oligonucleotide had slower plasma 3H-CO-HDL decay, reduced selective 3H-CO clearance, and decreased fecal 3H-sterol excretion that was indistinguishable from control mice. Increased RCT in HSKO mice was selective for 3H-CO-HDL, since macrophage RCT was similar between genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatocyte Abca1 deletion unmasks a novel and selective FC trafficking pathway that requires LDLr expression, accelerating plasma HDL-selective CE uptake by the liver and promoting HDL RCT into feces, consequently reducing HDL-derived hepatic FC recycling into plasma.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine