N-Nitrosamines are one of the environmentally significant byproducts from aqueous amine-based post-combustion carbon capture systems (CCS) due to their potential risk to human health. Safely mitigating nitrosamines before they are emitted from these CO2 capture systems is therefore a key concern before widescale deployment of CCS can be used to address worldwide decarbonization goals. Electrochemical decomposition is one viable route to neutralize these harmful compounds. The circulating emission control waterwash system, commonly installed at the end of the flue gas treatment trains to minimize amine solvent emissions, plays an important role to capture N-nitrosamines and control their emission into the environment. The waterwash solution is the last point where these compounds can be properly neutralized before becoming an environmental hazard. In this study, the decomposition mechanisms of N-nitrosamines in a simulated CCS waterwash with residual alkanolamines was investigated using several laboratory-scale electrolyzers utilizing carbon xerogel (CX) electrodes. H-cell experiments revealed that N-nitrosamines were decomposed through a reduction reaction and are converted into their corresponding secondary amines thereby neutralizing their environmental impact. Batch-cell experiments statistically examined the kinetic models of N-nitrosamine removal by a combined adsorption and decomposition processes. The cathodic reduction of the N-nitrosamines statistically obeyed the first-order reaction model. Finally, a prototype flow-through reactor using an authentic waterwash was used to successfully target and decompose N-nitrosamines to below the detectable level without degrading the amine solvent compounds allowing them to be return to the CCS and lower the system operating costs. The developed electrolyzer was able to efficiently remove greater than 98% of N-nitrosamines from the waterwash solution without producing any additional environmentally harmful compounds and offers an effective and safe route to mitigate these compounds from CO2 capture systems.
|State||Published - Aug 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FE0031661 .
The authors declare the following financial interests/personal relationships which may be considered as potential competing interests: Jesse Thompson reports financial support was provided by US Department of Energy.This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FE0031661.
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd
- Amine CCS
- Carbon xerogel electrode
- Electrochemical reduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemistry (all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis