Teaching Note—Turn on the CC: Increase Inclusion for All Your Students

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Social work education is mandated to provide inclusivity and accessibility to all students. Critical disability theory (CDT) challenges the notion that disabilities should be eradicated; rather, it declares that different abilities should be acknowledged and embraced as contributions. Universal design (UD), originating as a framework for accessible architectural building designs, has become a pedagogical approach in education. UD supports CDT and takes it farther by suggesting how to develop an inclusive environment. Through the lens of CDT and UD, this conceptual paper provides the rationale for educators to increase classroom inclusivity and accessibility by adding closed captions to all learning materials, presentations and videos, Closed captions, the text of verbal language, is beneficial for many different types of students, including those with processing disorder or hearing loss, those who did not learn English as their primary language, and those who have difficulty with focus. Further, this paper seeks to provide a step-by-step instruction manual to assist instructors with immediately including captions in their learning materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882-892
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Social Work Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Council on Social Work Education.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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