Teaching Young Children with Social-Communication Delays to Label Actions Using Videos and Language Expansion Models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and related social-communication delays may display difficulties commenting on actions that occur in their natural environment. One method for increasing early conversation skills is direct instruction. Using video examples of actions may increase the salient features of instructional targets and, as such, may be an effective stimulus for presenting actions during instruction. The present study used a multiple-probe design across participants replicated across behaviors to evaluate the effectiveness of a 0- to 4-s progressive time-delay (PTD) procedure using video presentation of actions to teach three preschool-aged children with ASD and related social-communication delays to label actions. In addition, the teacher provided language expansion on all instructional targets, as well as assessed generalization to novel stimuli (videos and pictures or photographs). Results indicate that all participants acquired action labels. Two of the three participants generalized responses to novel videos and pictures while expanding their responses without direct instruction. Implications for teachers targeting action labels in early childhood settings are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalFocus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • communication
  • language expansion
  • preschool
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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