Temperature and development impacts on housekeeping gene expression in cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphidiae)

Chunxiao Yang, Huipeng Pan, Yong Liu, Xuguo Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is a powerful technique to quantify gene expression. To standardize gene expression studies and obtain more accurate qRT-PCR analysis, normalization relative to consistently expressed housekeeping genes (HKGs) is required. In this study, ten candidate HKGs including elongation factor 1 α (EF1A), ribosomal protein L11(RPL11), ribosomal protein L14(RPL14), ribosomal protein S8(RPS8), ribosomal protein S23(RPS23), NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase(NADH), vacuolar-type H+-ATPase (ATPase), heat shock protein 70(HSP70), 18S ribosomal RNA(18S), and 12S ribosomal RNA(12S) from the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch were selected. Four algorithms, geNorm, Normfinder, BestKeeper, and the ΔCt method were employed to evaluate the expression profiles of these HKGs as endogenous controls across different developmental stages and temperature regimes. Based on RefFinder, which integrates all four analytical algorithms to compare and rank the candidate HKGs, RPS8, RPL14, and RPL11 were the three most stable HKGs across different developmental stages and temperature conditions. This study is the first step to establish a standardized qRT-PCR analysis in A. craccivora following the MIQE guideline. Results from this study lay a foundation for the genomics and functional genomics research in this sap-sucking insect pest with substantial economic impact.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0130593
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 19 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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