Temperature variations from Hubble Space Telescope spectroscopy of the Orion Nebula

R. H. Rubin, P. G. Martin, R. J. Dufour, G. J. Ferland, K. P.M. Blagrave, X. W. Liu, J. F. Nguyen, J. A. Baldwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


We present Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/STIS long-slit spectroscopy of NGC 1976. Our goal is to measure the intrinsic line ratio [O III] 4364/5008 and thereby evaluate the electron temperature (Te) and the fractional mean-square Te variation (t2A) across the nebula. We also measure the intrinsic line ratio [N II] 5756/6585 in order to estimate Te and t2A in the N+ region. The interpretation of the [N II] data is not as clear cut as the [O III] data because of a higher sensitivity to knowledge of the electron density as well as a possible contribution to the [N II] 5756 emission by recombination (and cascading). We present results from binning the data along the various slits into tiles that are 0.5 arcsec square (matching the slit width). The average [O III] temperature for our four HST/STIS slits varies from 7678 K to 8358 K; t2A varies from 0.00682 to at most 0.0176. For our preferred solution, the average [N II] temperature for each of the four slits varies from 9133 to 10 232 K; t2A varies from 0.00584 to 0.0175. The measurements of Te reported here are an average along each line of sight. Therefore, despite finding remarkably low t2A, we cannot rule out significantly larger temperature fluctuations along the line of sight. The result that the average [N II] T e exceeds the average [O III] Te confirms what has been previously found for Orion and what is expected on theoretical grounds. Observations of the proplyd P159-350 indicate: large local extinction associated; ionization stratification consistent with external ionization by θ1 Ori C; and indirectly, evidence of high electron density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-374
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003


  • H ii regions
  • Ism: Abundances
  • Ism: Atoms
  • Ism: Individual: Ngc 1976
  • Ism: Individual: Proplyd p159-350

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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