Temporomandibular Disorders Core Curriculum for Predoctoral Dental Education: Recommendations from the American Academy of Orofacial Pain

Hong Chen, James Fricton, Joseph R. Cohen, Terrie Cowley, Shuchi Dhadwal, Roger B. Fillingim, Sandra Guzman-Armstrong, Robert Hasel, James Hawkins, Gary Heir, David C. Holmes, Deepika Jaiswal, Thomas B. Jordan, Gary D. Klasser, Seema Kurup, Steven M. Levy, Jay Mackman, George Maloney, Shawn McMahon, Richard OhrbachJeffrey P. Okeson, Janey Prodoehl, Sonia Sharma, Yi Yuan, Jeffrey R. Shaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), a common cause of orofacial pain, are defined as “a set of diseases and disorders that are related to alterations in the structure, function, or physiology of the masticatory system and that may be associated with other systemic and comorbid medical conditions.”1 Orofacial structures have close associations with functions of mastication, communication, vision, and hearing, and they form the basis for appearance, self-esteem, and personal expression. As a result, pain and dysfunction in the orofacial region can deeply affect an individual and may lead to chronic pain, addiction, and disability. The 2020 National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) report on TMDs states that they are one of the most common chronic pain conditions.2 In addition, other orofacial pain conditions, pain in other parts of the body, psychologic conditions, and sleep-related issues commonly coexist with TMDs and affect their evaluation and management. The connection between TMDs and systemic health requires a change in the disease model from a dental-based biomechanical model to a whole-person biopsychosocial model to allow mechanism-based evaluation, management, and prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The views in this article reflect the results of research conducted by the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of Defense, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, or the US Government. The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021. by Quintessence Publishing Co Inc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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