Temporomandibular disorders in children and adolescents

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6 Scopus citations


Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are conditions that affect the muscles of mastication, temporomandibu lar joints (TMJs), and associated structures. Historically these conditions were deemed to occur primarily in adults; however, many recent studies have reported a growing prevalence of signs and symptoms of TMDs in children and adolescents. The reported prevalence of these conditions in pediatric patients varies widely due to methodologic differences among studies; therefore, unified diagnostic criteria for children are needed. In this young population, TMDs can cause pain in the masticatory muscles and TMJs, restricted or asymmetric openin of the mouth, and TMJ noises. No single etiologic factor causes TMDs; rather, a combination of influences, includ ing trauma, occlusion, systemic and genetic factors, and psychological factors, is usually to blame. A complete history and a thorough examination, which may include imaging, are needed to make a definitive diagnosis and achieve successful treatment of these conditions. A num ber of options exist for management of these conditions but reversible options should prevail as the treatments of choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalGeneral Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2018 by the Academy of General Dentistry.


  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Temporomandibular disorders
  • Temporomandibular dysfunction
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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