Temporomandibular disorders in the medical practice

Jeffrey P. Okeson, Robert J.A.M. De Kanter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Patients suffering with various orofacial pain conditions are likely to seek advice and treatment from a family physician. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common in the general population, and the clinician should be aware of the common associated signs and symptoms so that proper therapy can be provided. The family physician can often provide initial therapies that are effective in reducing TMD symptoms. In some instances, it is appropriate for the family physician to refer the patient to a dentist for a more comprehensive evaluation of the masticatory system. This article describes the common patient complaints associated with TM disorders. A few simple therapies are discussed along with suggestions regarding the appropriate time for referral to a dentist for a thorough dental evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-356
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Practice
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1996


  • Temporomandibular joint
  • masticatory muscles
  • myofascial pain syndromes
  • referral and consultation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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