Tensile- And Shear-Strength Tests with Adhesive Connections in Dynamic Message Signs

Ibin Amatya, Junwon Seo, Todd Letcher, Dan Bierschbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A dynamic message sign (DMS) is made up of a display, cabinet sheet aluminum skin, and internal structure along with electrical components. The aluminum skin is connected to the internal structure usually with a welded connection; however, adhesive or chemical bonding can be used instead for the connection between these two components. The goal of this paper is to examine the tensile and shear strengths along with other mechanical properties of adhesives used in the DMS under varying environmental and geometrical conditions. Adhesive tensile and shear specimens with different widths were tested according to accepted standards after conditioning them in different temperature and humidity conditions. Numerous data resulting from the tests were analyzed through graphical comparisons and statistical analysis so as to explore the effect of the considered parameters on tensile and shear strengths. As part of the statistical analysis, response surface metamodels (RSMs) were utilized not only to determine statistically significant parameters affecting the strengths, but also to develop separate regression models for the tensile and shear strengths. The highest decrement in the tensile stress was found to be 7.1%, 19.9%, and 7.9% with the increase in conditioning temperature, conditioning humidity, and specimen's width, respectively. Owing to the effect of increases in conditioning temperature, conditioning humidity, and specimen width, the shear stress was increased most by 10%, 7%, and 19.3%, correspondingly. Key findings revealed that an increase in conditioning humidity decreases the tensile strength. The RSM model-based analysis also found conditioning humidity to be the most significant parameter negatively affecting the tensile stress because a probability value of 2.529% was observed from the RSM model. Finally, this work found adhesive or chemical bonding to be a possible substitute to welding for assembly of the DMS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04021131
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The contents of this paper reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented herein. This work was sponsored by Daktronics and Mountain-Plains Consortium. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Mountain-Plains Consortium. The authors thank Dan Bierschbach, John Syrstad, Toby Pulscher, Jeff Haliburton, and Eric Johns at Daktronics for their financial support, invaluable comments and support for this work. The authors are grateful to Matthew Zobel for help with the literature review on adhesive strength.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers.


  • Adhesive
  • Aluminum
  • Connection
  • Dynamic message sign (DMS)
  • Statistical analysis
  • Strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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