Test-Retest Reliability of Single Transverse versus Panoramic Ultrasound Imaging for Muscle Size and Echo Intensity of the Biceps Brachii

Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins, Jessie M. Miller, Samuel L. Buckner, Kristen C. Cochrane, Haley C. Bergstrom, Ethan C. Hill, Cory M. Smith, Terry J. Housh, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This study compared test-retest reliability and sensitivity to change for muscle size and echo intensity (EI) measurements from single transverse (EIST) versus panoramic (EIP) ultrasound (US) images of the biceps brachii. Forearm flexor muscle thickness and EIST and biceps brachii muscle cross-sectional area and EIP were quantified from single transverse and panoramic US images in 14 men (age= 21.8 ± 2.5 y [mean ± standard deviation]) on two separate days. The intra-class correlation coefficients, coefficients of variation, and minimum differences for muscle thickness, EIST, muscle cross-sectional area and EIP ranged from 0.78 to 0.99, from 2.26% to 3.29%, and from 6.26% to 9.12%, respectively. These findings suggested that single transverse imaging and panoramic US imaging are comparable, reliable techniques for quantifying muscle size and EI of the biceps brachii. Single transverse images may be simpler to obtain; thus, future studies may choose to quantify muscle size and EI from asingle transverse US image in the biceps brachii.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1584-1591
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Conflicts of interest: This study was supported in part by the University of Nebraska Agricultural Research Division with funds provided through the Hatch Act (Agency: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Accession No. 1000080, Project No. NEB-36-078). The authors have no other perceived conflicts of interest to declare.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.


  • Extended field of view
  • Muscle cross-sectional area
  • Muscle quality
  • Reproducibility
  • Sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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