Testing the predictive power of an instrument titled “Orientation to School Renewal”

Jianping Shen, Xin Ma, Nancy Mansberger, Xingyuan Gao, Louann Bierlein Palmer, Walter Burt, Robert Leneway, Dennis McCrumb, Sue Poppink, Patricia Reeves, Elizabeth Whitten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Policy makers, school practitioners, and scholars around the world have been searching for better school improvement models. The purpose of this study was to understand how an instrument we developed, Orientation to School Renewal, can be used to predict school-level academic achievement. We used the instrument to predict the academic performance of 83 schools as measured by the Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP) and the Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT) for mathematics and language. We found our instrument was more sensitive to M-STEP. We found that school renewal efforts were able to predict school academic performance with M-STEP in both mathematics and language. The three leading dimensions for predicting achievement on M-STEP were (a) focus on students and their achievement, (b) internal responsibility, and (c) continuous improvement. The renewal model provides a new perspective on school improvement, and future studies in other countries and international settings are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-528
Number of pages24
JournalSchool Effectiveness and School Improvement
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Xin Ma is a professor at the Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology at the University of Kentucky. He is a Spencer Fellow of the (U.S.) National Academy of Education, a recipient of the Early Career Contribution Award from the American Educational Research Association, (former) Canada Research Chair, and founder and (former) Director of the Canadian Center for Advanced Studies of National Databases.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • School reform
  • instrument development
  • school renewal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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