The Aftermath of Hurtful Events: Cognitive, Communicative, and Relational Outcomes

Colleen C. Malachowski, Brandi N. Frisby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study explored cognitive, communicative, and relational outcomes associated with hurtful events in romantic relationships. Participants (N = 206) completed two surveys, two months apart, to examine uncertainty as a mediator between hurt and rumination and hurt and forgiveness, communication differences based on hurtful event type, and post-hurtful event relational changes. Fourteen types of hurtful events emerged, with infidelity (n = 47) and jealousy (n = 27) occurring most frequently. Self-uncertainty mediated the relationships between hurt and rumination, nonverbal forgiveness, and forgiveness through minimization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-203
Number of pages17
JournalCommunication Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 15 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © 2015 Eastern Communication Association.


  • Forgiveness
  • Hurt
  • Relational Change
  • Rumination
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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