The Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD) from the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model

Thomas A. Widiger, Gillian A. McCabe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington: American Psychiatric Association; 2013) includes an Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD). The AMPD includes two components: the Criterion A level of personality functioning (i.e., impairments or deficits in the sense of self and interpersonal relatedness) and the Criterion B five-domain maladaptive trait model. The purpose of the current paper is to discuss the AMPD from the perspective of the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of general personality structure. The conclusion of this review is that both the Criterion A self-other deficits and the Criterion B traits can be understood as maladaptive variants of the FFM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalPsychopathology
Volume53
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel. Copyright: All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • AMPD
  • Alternative Model of Personality Disorders
  • DSM-5
  • Five-Factor Model
  • Personality disorders
  • Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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