The ankle-joint complex: A kinesiologic approach to lateral ankle sprains

Jennifer M. Medina McKeon, Matthew C. Hoch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Copious research exists regarding ankle instability, yet lateral ankle sprains (LASs) persist in being among the most common recurrent musculoskeletal injuries. Key anatomical structures of the ankle include a triform articulating structure that includes the inferior tibiofibular, talocrural, and subtalar joints. Functionally, force absorption and propulsion through the ankle complex are necessary for any task that occurs in weight bearing. For optimal ankle performance and avoidance of injury, an intricate balance between stability and mobility is necessary to ensure that appropriate force transfer occurs during sports and activities of daily living. Consideration for the many structures that may be directly or indirectly involved in LASs will likely translate into advancements in clinical care. In this clinical review, we present the structure, function, and relevant pathologic states of the ankle complex to stimulate a better understanding of the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of LASs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-602
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© by the National Athletic Trainers’ Association, Inc.


  • Anatomy
  • Biomechanics
  • Joint injury
  • Lower extremity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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