The Association Between an Electronic Health Record (EHR)–Embedded Frailty Index and Patient-Reported Outcomes Among Patients with Metastatic Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer on Immunotherapy: A Brief Report

Jennifer Gabbard, Saadia Nur, Beverly J. Levine, Thomas W. Lycan, Nicholas Pajewski, Erica Frechman, Kathryn E. Callahan, Heidi Klepin, Laurie E. McLouth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background : While frailty is a well-established predictor of overall mortality among patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC), its association with patient-reported outcomes is not well-characterized. The goal of this study was to examine the association between an electronic frailty index (eFI) score and patient-reported outcome measures along with prognostic awareness among patients with mNSCLC receiving immunotherapy. Methods : In a cross-sectional study, patients with mNSCLC who were on immunotherapy completed the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30) and the National Cancer Institute Patient Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE). We utilized bivariate analyses to compare quality of life, symptoms, supportive services, and prognostic awareness among 3 groups defined by e-frailty status. Results : Sixty patients (mean age 62.5 years, 75% Caucasian, 60% women) participated. Most patients were pre-frail (68%), with 13% being frail and 18% non-frail. Pre-frail and frail patients had significantly lower physical function scores (mean 83.9 fit vs 74.8 pre-frail vs 60.0 frail, P =.04) and higher rates of self-reported pain (75% frail vs 41.5% pre-frail vs 18.2% fit; P =.04) compared to non-frail patients. We found no differences in palliative referral rates. Conclusion : Pre-frail and frail mNSCLC patients identified by the eFI have higher rates of pain and physical functional impairments than non-frail patients. These findings highlight the importance of emphasizing preventive interventions targeting social needs, functional limitations, and pain management, especially among pre-frail patients to reduce further decline.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • frailty
  • lung cancer
  • pain
  • patient-reported outcome measures
  • physical impairments
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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