The lactose promoter-operator region of Escherichia coli contains two binding sites for cyclic AMP receptor protein (CAP), two for the lactose repressor, and two for RNA polymerase. The high density of binding sites makes cooperative interactions between these proteins likely. In this study, we used the gel electrophoresis mobility shift assay and binding partition analysis techniques to determine whether the secondary CAP site influences the binding of CAP to the principal CAP site in the lactose promoter when both are present on a linear DNA molecule. Such an effect could occur through the formation of a bridged DNA-CAP-DNA structure, through the interaction of CAP molecules bound to each of the sites, or through allosteric effects caused by CAP-mediated DNA bending. We found, however, that the interaction of CAP with these sites was not cooperative, indicating that CAP sites 1 and 2 bind CAP in an independent manner.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Bacteriology|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology