We establish results of Bombieri–Vinogradov type for the von Mangoldt function Λ(n) twisted by a nilsequence. In particular, we obtain Bombieri–Vinogradov type results for the von Mangoldt function twisted by any polynomial phase e(P(n)); the results obtained are as strong as the ones previously known in the case of linear exponential twists. We derive a number of applications of these results. Firstly, we show that the primes p obeying a “nil-Bohr set” condition, such as (Formula Presented), exhibit bounded gaps. Secondly, we show that the Chen primes are well-distributed in nil-Bohr sets, generalizing a result of Matomäki. Thirdly, we generalize the Green–Tao result on linear equations in the primes to primes belonging to an arithmetic progression to large modulus q ≤xθ, for almost all q.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
*Supported by the NSF grant DMS-1802224. †Supported by a Titchmarsh Research Fellowship.
© 2021. Xuancheng Shao and Joni Teravainen
- Bombieri-vinogradov theorem
- Gowers norms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Algebra and Number Theory
- Geometry and Topology
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics