The combined effect of environmental and host factors on the emergence of Viral RNA recombinants

Hannah M. Jaag, Peter D. Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viruses are masters of evolution due to high frequency mutations and genetic recombination. In spite of the significance of viral RNA recombination that promotes the emergence of drug-resistant virus strains, the role of host and environmental factors in RNA recombination is poorly understood. Here we report that the host Met22p/Hal2p bisphosphate-3'- nucleotidase regulates the frequency of viral RNA recombination and the efficiency of viral replication. Based on Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) and yeast as a model host, we demonstrate that deletion of MET22 in yeast or knockdown of AHL, SAL1 and FRY1 nucleotidases/phosphatases in plants leads to increased TBSV recombination and replication. Using a cellfree TBSV recombination/replication assay, we show that the substrate of the above nucleotidases, namely 3'- phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphate pAp, inhibits the activity of the Xrn1p 5'-3' ribonuclease, a known suppressor of TBSV recombination. Inhibition of the activity of the nucleotidases by LiCl and NaCl also leads to increased TBSV recombination, demonstrating that environmental factors could also affect viral RNA recombination. Thus, host factors in combination with environmental factors likely affect virus evolution and adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1001156
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Virology

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