Historically, the construction industry is not perceived as having the most culturally or socially tolerant workplace compared to other industries. Studies indicate that a culturally tolerant workplace climate has a positive impact on workplace and employee productivity. In this study, we surveyed 2740 construction workers across the United States using an online questionnaire. The survey participants were asked to rate how they feel on a Likert scale ranging from "Strongly Disagree" to "Strongly Agree" five categories regarding whether (1) they feel respected at work, (2) job conditions allow them to be as productive as they could be, (3) they are treated in a manner that is unprofessional either publicly or privately, (4) they have been the target of bad jokes or derogatory comments, and (5) their coworkers can be relied on when they need help. These questions are adopted from the "General Social Survey (GSS)," a nationally representative survey of adults in the United States, and the best source for sociological and attitudinal trend data covering the US. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the construction workforce's attitudes to these social and cultural issues with national trends using the GSS data. Furthermore, the collected results will be analyzed based on gender groups. Key findings show, with statistical significance, that the construction industry has worse experiences in categories 2 and 4, and that females in the construction industry have significantly worse experiences compared to males in all analyzed categories.
|Title of host publication||Construction Research Congress 2022|
|Subtitle of host publication||Health and Safety, Workforce, and Education - Selected Papers from Construction Research Congress 2022|
|Editors||Farrokh Jazizadeh, Tripp Shealy, Michael J. Garvin|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 2022|
|Event||Construction Research Congress 2022: Health and Safety, Workforce, and Education, CRC 2022 - Arlington, United States|
Duration: Mar 9 2022 → Mar 12 2022
|Name||Construction Research Congress 2022: Health and Safety, Workforce, and Education - Selected Papers from Construction Research Congress 2022|
|Conference||Construction Research Congress 2022: Health and Safety, Workforce, and Education, CRC 2022|
|Period||3/9/22 → 3/12/22|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
These questions are adopted from the “General Social Survey (GSS),” a nationally representative survey of adults in the United States and the best source for sociological and attitudinal trend data covering the US. The GSS has been regularly collected since 1972 by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, and funded by the National Science Foundation. The survey is designed to monitor changes in social characteristics and attitudes of the American society, and has provided policy makers and scholars an unbiased perspective about how Americans think and feel about national issues, such as spending priorities, intergroup relations, and confidence in institutions (General Social Survey, 2021).
© 2022 ASCE.
- Construction Industry
- Derogatory Comments
- General Social Survey
- Mental Health
- National Workforce
- Reliable Coworkers
- Treated Unprofessionally
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction