Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit the function of cyclooxygenases, COX-1 and COX-2, which catalyze the first step in the synthesis of inflammatory mediators (PGE2). We sought to understand the roles of cyclooxygenases and NSAIDs in T-cell development. Our data show no significant defects in T-cell development in fetal thymic organ cultures of mice disrupted in both or either COX genes or in mice disrupted in either EP-1 or EP-2 receptor genes. On the other hand, NSAIDs reproducibly caused thymocyte developmental defects. However, the specific effects of the COX-2 inhibitors were not correlated with their potency for inhibition of COX-2 activity. We focused on the NS-398 COX-2 inhibitor and showed that its effects could not be reversed by exogenous PGE2. Furthermore, NS-398 was inhibitory even when its target, COX-2, was absent. These data show that the T-cell developmental effects of NS-398 are COX-2 and PGE2 independent.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Dec 15 2001|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We express our gratitude to Ms. Guoyan Gao for her technical support. Supported by the Arthritis Foundation and NIH Grant AI49807 (to L.M.S,).
- Cellular differentiation
- Lipid mediators
ASJC Scopus subject areas