This study examined the cultural and developmental significance of maternal and paternal parenting processes (closeness, support, monitoring, communication, conflict, and peer approval) for measures of anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents from Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United States (N=6,935). Across all cultural contexts, measures of maternal and paternal support and conflict were most consistently associated with measures of internalizing behaviors. Few differences were observed in the importance of individual parenting processes for anxiety or depression symptoms across cultures. Additionally, with the exception of maternal conflict for anxiety and depression symptoms and paternal closeness for depression symptoms, none of the parenting process dimensions differed in importance for internalizing behaviors across developmental periods (middle versus late adolescence). The investigation provides evidence of great similarity in developmental processes, both across cultural contexts and developmental periods.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Youth and Adolescence
|Published - Aug 2006
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The paper was presented at the Tenth Biennial Meetings of the Society for Research on Adolescence (SRA) held March 11–14, 2004 in Baltimore, Maryland. Research was supported in part by a grant to the first author from the Auburn University Competitive Research Grant-In-Aid Program. We would like to thank Melissa Partin for her assistance with data analyses.
- Developmental processes
- Internalizing behaviors
- Maternal and paternal family processes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)