The development and validation of the online learning climate scale (OLCS)

Renee Kaufmann, Deanna D. Sellnow, Brandi N. Frisby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


With the increasing popularity of online learning in higher education comes a need to examine students’ perceptions about classroom climate in these environments. This two-part study proposes the online learning climate scale (OLCS) for doing so. Informed by both instructional communication and education, the scale consists of several variables related to teacher role(s) and behaviors, student characteristics, and course-specific structural issues to explain how students perceive climate within a computer-mediated classroom. Ultimately, this two-part study (a) constructed the OLCS and (b) established its factor structure and convergent validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-321
Number of pages15
JournalCommunication Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 National Communication Association.


  • Online learning
  • classroom climate
  • distance education
  • instructional communication
  • online climate scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics


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