The development of effective message content for suicide intervention theory of planned behavior

Rosalie Shemanski Aldrich, Julie Cerel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Each year there are over 31,000 suicides in the United States, constituting a significant problem in every respect. It is important for research efforts to focus on the communication elements involved in suicide prevention because the messages produced by individuals close to those who have suicidal thoughts have the potential to save a life. Aims: The current manuscript presents the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a foundation to increase understanding of what message content would be most effective to convince an individual to intervene when someone is suicidal. Methods: Suicide and suicidal behaviors are briefly reviewed, as is the TPB. Then it is argued how and why TPB can help construct persuasive messages. Results: The authors suggest that TPB guide the content of persuasive messages. Messages created in combination of persuasive theories with TPB are likely to encourage an individual to intervene when someone is suicidal. Conclusions: A key element to suicide prevention is intervention by close others. Use of TPB provides an increased understanding of how to persuade close individuals to intervene when an individual is suicidal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalCrisis
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Intervene
  • Messages
  • Prevention
  • Suicide
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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