The Effect of CW-FIT on Group Engagement During Virtual Instruction

Lauren M. LeJeune, Mark D. Samudre, Stacey C. Whitaker, Creiana Bailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There is a need to adapt research-based behavior management interventions so they have utility for virtual instruction. In this study, we investigated whether Class-Wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) would increase group engagement for a first-grade inclusive class during virtual reading instruction. Results of the single case ABAB design indicated a functional relation between CW-FIT and increased group engagement. Secondary measures of students’ (a) screen match (i.e., appropriate screen activity) during instruction and (b) attendance did not have clear relations with CW-FIT implementation. Overall, these results suggest behavioral interventions with evidence of effectiveness for increasing engagement during in-person instruction may have similar effects during virtual instruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-560
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Special Education Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported in part by an internal grant from the Office of the Vice President for Research at the University of South Carolina.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • behavior management
  • group contingency
  • virtual instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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