The effect of functional training on the incidence of shoulder pain and strength in intercollegiate swimmers

Kathleen A. Swanik, C. Buz Swanik, Scott M. Lephart, Kellie Huxel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether functional training reduces the incidence of shoulder pain and increases strength in intercollegiate swimmers. Design: Pretest-posttest. Setting: Laboratory and weight room. Participants: 26 intercollegiate swimmers (13 men, 13 women). Intervention: 6-wk functional training program. Main Outcome Measures: Incidence of shoulder pain was recorded throughout the study. Isokinetic shoulder strength was assessed before and after training. Results: A t test showed significant differences (P < .05) for the incidence of shoulder pain between the experimental (mean episodes = 1.8 ± 2.1) and control (mean episodes = 4.6 ± 4.7) groups. ANOVA with repeated measures revealed no significant strength differences between groups but exhibited significant within-group increases. Conclusions: Incorporating functional exercises might reduce incidence of shoulder pain in swimmers. The results also validate the need to modify preventive programs as the demands of the sport change throughout the season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-154
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Sport Rehabilitation
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Functional rehabilitation
  • Injury prevention
  • Shoulder exercises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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