Chlorpyrifos (CPF), one of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs), is associated with developmental neurotoxicity. Inflammatory response is closely related with CPF-induced neurotoxicity. The present study aimed at exploring whether sub-toxic CPF exposure on neonatal rats results in neuroinflammation that mediated by HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in the amygdala. The neonatal rats were subcutaneously injected with 5. mg/kg CPF for 4 consecutive days (postnatal day 11-14) with or without HMGB1 inhibitor, glycyrrhizin. We assessed the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines at 12, 24, and 72. h after CPF exposure. The role of HMGB1 on neuroinflammation in sub-toxic exposure during brain development was studied. CPF-treated neonatal rats exhibited a significant increase in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, TNF-α and HMGB1, and a significant increase in the activation of NF-κB in the amygdala after CPF exposure. Inhibited HMGB1 reduced the release of IL-6 and TNF-α, and inhibited activation of NF-κB. Our findings indicate that CPF exposure on developmental brain might induce the activation of neuroinflammation mediated by HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway in the amygdala.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Dec 2 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research received specific grant from Key Subjects of Hunan Province (2012).
© 2015 Z.
- High-mobility group box 1
- Nuclear factor kappa B
- Tumor necrosis factor-α
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