The effect of sudden inversion stress on EMG activity of the peroneal and tibialis anterior muscles in the chronically unstable ankle

M. S. Melissa Ebig, Scott M. Lephart, Ray G. Burdett, Mark C. Miller, Danny M. Pincivero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Residual symptoms resulting from recurrent episodes of inversion-type ankle sprains may be attributed to a decreased neuromuscular response of the peroneal or tibialis anterior muscles, thereby increasing the probability for reinjury. The purpose of this study was to examine the electromyographic (EMG) response time of the peroneal and tibialis anterior muscles in response to sudden plantar flexion/inversion stress in the chronically functional unstable and normal ankle. Subjects for this study consisted of 13 athletically active individuals (five males and eight females, mean age = 19.2 ± 1.51 years) with a previous history of a unilateral inversion-type ankle sprain. A specially designed platform that allows each foot to drop into plantar flexion/inversion from a standing neutral position was used. Reaction time in milliseconds for the peroneal and tibialis anterior muscles to sudden plantar flexion/inversion was measured via surface EMG. A paired t test was performed with the Bonferroni-Dunn correction factor to determine differences between the peroneal and tibialis anterior as well as between the chronically unstable and contralateral normal ankle. The results indicated no significant differences between the stable and unstable ankles for the peroneal or the tibialis anterior muscles. The results also indicated no significant differences existed between the tibialis anterior and peroneal muscles in either the stable or unstable ankles. The findings from the present study suggest that self-reported functional ankle instability may not result in a diminished reflex response time of the peroneal and tibialis anterior muscles to sudden plantar flexion/inversion stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1997

Keywords

  • Ankle
  • Electromyography
  • Instability
  • Inversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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