The effect of thin metal overlayers on the electron beam exposure of polymethyl methacrylate

C. B. Samantaray, J. T. Hastings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Here, the authors consider the effect of thin metal coatings on the contrast, clearing dose, and resolution of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) electron beam resist. They present processes suitable for deposition, exposure through, and removal of 5-nm -thick Al, Cr, and Cu layers. Contrast and clearing dose were determined by exposing large features and resolution was assessed using single pixel lines at beam energies from 2 to 30 keV. In all cases the presence of the metal layer increases the clearing dose. They obtained a minimum linewidth of 40 nm from the single pixel patterns. Both the experimental results and Monte Carlo simulations of the point spread function (PSF) support the feasibility of direct writing of sub- 40-nm patterns despite of additional forward electron scattering. Applying thin metal coatings on resist provides an alternative to conductive polymers for charge reduction and an excellent foundation for fiducial grids used in spatial-phase locked electron beam lithography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2300-2305
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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