The Effects of a Peer-Delivered Social Skills Intervention for Adults with Comorbid Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Matthew A.Cody Davis, Amy Spriggs, Alexis Rodgers, Jonathan Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deficits in social skills are often exhibited in individuals with comorbid Down syndrome (DS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and there is a paucity of research to help guide intervention for this population. In the present study, a multiple probe study across behaviors, replicated across participants, assessed the effectiveness of peer-delivered simultaneous prompting in teaching socials skills to adults with DS–ASD using visual analysis techniques and Tau-U statistics to measure effect. Peer-mediators with DS and intellectual disability (ID) delivered simultaneous prompting sessions reliably (i.e., > 80% reliability) to teach social skills to adults with ID and a dual-diagnoses of DS–ASD with small (Tau Weighted =.55, 90% CI [.29,.82]) to medium effects (Tau Weighted =.75, 90% CI [.44, 1]). Statistical and visual analysis findings suggest a promising social skills intervention for individuals with DS–ASD as well as reliable delivery of simultaneous prompting procedures by individuals with DS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1885
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Comorbid diagnosis
  • Down syndrome
  • Intervention
  • Peers
  • Single case
  • Social skills
  • Social skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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