The Effects of Doxapram Blocking the Response of Gram-Negative Bacterial Toxin (LPS) at Glutamatergic Synapses

Kaitlyn E. Brock, Robin L. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) associated with Gram-negative bacteria are one factor responsible for triggering the mammalian immune response. Blocking the action of LPS is key to reducing its downstream effects. However, the direct action of LPS on cells is not yet fully addressed. LPS can have rapid, direct effects on cells in the absence of a systemic immune response. Recent studies have shown that doxapram, a blocker of a subset of K2P channels, also blocks the acute actions of LPS. Doxapram was evaluated to determine if such action also occurs at glutamatergic synapses in which it is known that LPS can increase synaptic transmission. Doxapram at 5 mM first enhanced synaptic transmission, then reduced synaptic response, while 10 mM rapidly blocked transmission. Doxapram at 5 mM blocked the excitatory response induced by LPS. Enhancing synaptic transmission with LPS and then applying LPS combined with doxapram also resulted in retarding the response of LPS. It is possible doxapram and LPS are mediated via a similar receptor or cellular responses. The potential of designing pharmacological compounds with a similar structure to doxapram and determining the binding of such compounds can aid in addressing the acute, direct actions by LPS on cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1046
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • glutamatergic receptor
  • immune
  • lipopolysaccharides
  • neuromuscular junction
  • neuron
  • synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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