The effects of low-temperature dielectronic recombination on the relative populations of the Fe M-shell states

S. B. Kraemer, G. J. Ferland, J. R. Gabel

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41 Scopus citations


We examine the effects of low-temperature, or Δn = 0, dielectronic recombination (DR) on the ionization balance of the Fe M shell (Fe IX-Fe XVI). Since Δn = 0 rates are not available for these ions, we have derived estimates based on the existing rates for the first four ionization states of the CNO sequence and newly calculated rates for L-shell ions of third-row elements and Fe. For a range of ionization parameter and column density applicable to the intrinsic absorbers detected in ASCA, Chandra, and XMM-Newton observations of Seyfert galaxies, we generated two grids of photoionization models, with and without DR. The results show that the ionization parameter at which the population of an Fe M-shell ion peaks can increase in some cases by a factor of more than 2 when these rates are included. More importantly, there are dramatic changes in the range in ionization parameter over which individual M-shell ions contain significant fractions of the total Fe (e.g., >10%) in the plasma. These results may explain the mismatch between the range of Fe ionization states detected in the X-ray spectra of Seyfert galaxies, identified by the energies of the M-shell unresolved transition array, and those predicted by photoionization models of the X-ray absorbers that reproduce lines of second- and third-row elements. The results suggest that care should be taken in using third- and fourth-row ions to constrain the physical conditions in photoionized X-ray plasmas until accurate DR rates are available. This underscores the importance of atomic physics in interpreting astronomical spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-561
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004


  • Atomic processes
  • Galaxies: active
  • Plasmas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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