The effects of orthognathic surgery on speech production

Dennis M. Ruscello, Mary Ellen Tekieli, Terri Jakomis, Leslie Cook, Joseph E. Van Sickels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Speech characteristics of 20 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery for correction of various skeletal defects were studied before surgical treatment and at periodic intervals postoperatively. Patients completed questionnaires that focused on their perceptions of appearance and oral function after orthognathic surgery. Approximately 60% of the patients demonstrated preoperative articulation errors. These were classified as mild because they did not interfere with the ability to be understood. Periodic testing indicated positive changes in articulation for a majority of those who had exhibited preoperative errors. None of the subjects experienced postoperative deterioration in their articulation. The subjects' perceptions of their individual operations were positive on all variables assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-241
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1986

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by grant No. 7700.139 from West Virginia University, School of Dentistry. *Department of Speech Pathology-Audiology, West Virginia University. **Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Keywords

  • Orthognathic surgery
  • appearance
  • articulation
  • oral function
  • speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry

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