The effects of ruminal acidosis on volatile fatty acid absorption and plasma activities of pancreatic enzymes in lambs.

C. R. Krehbiel, R. A. Britton, D. L. Harmon, T. J. Wester, R. A. Stock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty crossbred wethers (41.9 +/- 4.0 kg BW), each fitted with a ruminal cannula and a jugular catheter, were used in a completely randomized design to examine the effects of ruminal acidosis on plasma activities of pancreatic enzymes and fractional rates of VFA absorption. Lambs had ad libitum access to a 50% concentrate diet. Acidosis was induced by an intraruminal dose of glucose at 0, 6, 12, or 18 g/kg BW via the ruminal cannula. Ruminal fluid and plasma were collected 0, 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 72 h after dosing. Ruminal fluid pH was reduced (linear, P < .001) with increasing ruminal glucose. Total ruminal VFA concentration decreased (linear, P < .01) and D(-)-lactate (linear, P < .01) and L(+)- lactate (linear, P = .07) concentrations increased with increasing ruminal glucose. Activities of amylase and lipase in plasma were not affected by ruminal glucose (P > .10). Ten days after the acidosis insult, rumens were evacuated and contents were replaced with an isotonic Cr:VFA solution to measure ruminal VFA absorption. Ruminal fluid was collected hourly from 0 to 6 h. Fractional rate of acetate absorption was 13% lower for lambs receiving 18 g/kg BW glucose than for control lambs. In addition, fractional liquid passage rate was lower (P < .05) in lambs receiving 18 g/kg BW glucose 6 mo after the insult of acidosis. These data suggest that a short-term, severe insult of acute acidosis does not result in pancreatic tissue damage but may result in reduced ruminal VFA absorption for an extended period of time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3111-3121
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume73
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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