The effects of the antioxidant lipoic acid on beef longissimus bloom time

G. Rentfrow, M. L. Linville, C. A. Stahl, K. C. Olson, E. P. Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of lipoic acid (LA) on beef LM steak bloom time, as well as to characterize bloom time in the CIE L*, a*, and b* color space over a 93-min period. Thirty-two Simmental steers were supplemented with LA for 21 d immediately before slaughter at levels of 0, 8, 16, or 24 mg of LA/kg BW (eight steers per treatment). Lipoic acid was mixed with liquid paraffin, allowed to solidify, prilled, and top-dressed over a standard finishing diet. Steers were slaughtered at the University of Missouri abattoir in four groups of eight (two steers per treatment) over a 2-wk period. After a 24-h chill at 4°C, the right LM was removed from each carcass. One 2.54-cm steak was removed from the anterior portion of the LM, and its color characteristics (CIE L*, a*, and b*) were measured immediately with a standardized spectrocolorimeter. Color measurements were taken every 3 min thereafter for a total of 93-min. Hue angle (true red) and chroma (color saturation) were calculated from the color measurements. Addition of LA to the diet had no effect on bloom time (P = 0.67). When treatment means were analyzed, the addition of 24 mg of LA/kg BW to the diet resulted in higher (lighter) L* values (P < 0.05) compared with other treatments, whereas the addition of 16 mg of LA/kg BW to the diet caused lower hue angles (more true red; P < 0.05) when compared with other treatments. Addition of LA to the diet did not affect a* (P = 0.13) and b* (P = 0.18) values or chroma (P = 0.62). In the absence of treatment effects, bloom times for all treatments were pooled, and L* values did not change (P > 0.05) during the 93-min bloom time; however, a* and chroma values increased for 9 min and plateaued after 12 min (P < 0.01). Similarly, b* values increased (P < 0.01) for the first 6 min, and after 9 min, no further increase in yellowness was detected. Bloom time had little effect on hue angle, which stabilized after 3 min. Supplementing steers with the antioxidant LA for 21 d had no effect on the bloom time of beef LM; however, higher levels of supplemental LA affected L* values and hue angles of beef.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3034-3037
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2004


  • Beef
  • Bloom Time
  • Color
  • Lipoic Acid
  • Longissimus Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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